“Be the change you want see in the world“, said Gandhi.
Who was Gandhi? What were his ideas?
Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) was the leader of the Indian independence during the British colonialism.
He was called Mahatma, which means “high- souled”: this because he changed the destiny of the nation thanks to some great ideas.
His main principles were based on “Self- Determination of People”, “Non- Violence”, “Passive Resistance” and Religious Tolerance”.
1. Self- Determination of People. According to Gandhi, the Indians had to decide how to govern their country, because their conditions of misery depended on the power by British colonizers.
2. Nonviolence. This concept has not a negative interpretation in terms of political action but it possesses in itself the positive charge of universal benevolence. So it represents the “pure love” that is present in the sacred texts of Hinduism, the Gospel and the Koran.
3. Passive resistance. Gandhi refuses violence as a fight strategy.
However, he proposes a strategy that consists in passive resistance, which means to do not react to the provocations of the violent people. In addition he brings the Indians to the civil disobedience, based on the refusal to undergo of unjust laws.
4. Religious Tolerance. Gandhi dreamed about the peaceful and respectful coexistence of the many ethnic groups and the freedom of religious professions in India.
This could be an important richness for the country, making it united. Unfortunately, this hope did not work as Gandhi expected.
Among his quotes we want to mention this top five:
1. “Intolerance is itself a form of violence and an obstacle to the growth of a true democratic spirit”.
2. “I have nothing new to teach the world. Truth and Non-violence are as old as the hills. All I have done is to try experiments in both on as vast a scale as I could”.
3. “Non-violence is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind. It is mightier than the mightiest weapon of destruction devised by the ingenuity of man”.
4. “Power is of two kinds. One is obtained by the fear of punishment and the other by acts of love. Power based on love is a thousand times more effective and permanent then the one derived from fear of punishment”.
5. “What difference does it make to the dead, the orphans, and the homeless, whether the mad destruction is wrought under the name of totalitarianism or the holy name of liberty or democracy?”.