Iceland is a Nordic island country.
It is situated in the Atlantic Ocean and it has the lowest population density among the countries of Europe.
The climate is different in the various areas of the island.
Iceland’s winter is not too cold, because of the influence of the Gulf Stream, which touches the island on its south and southwest area. Summers in Iceland are very short and rather cool. Typically on hot days (in July) the temperatures are just over 20 °, and this is already considered a major heat wave, while at night the temperatures are around 10 ° While, in northwest because of the influence made by the cold winds of Greenland, the climate is therefore much more rigid. Accordingly there is the absence of a real summer. Glaciers occupy more than 10% of the entire country and their extension exceeds the total of glaciers across continental Europe.
The rains, are mostly influenced by the wind direction. The area with the lowest rainfall of the island is located in the north of the huge Vatnajokull glacier.
The other incredible thing is that snowfalls can occur even in early June and late August.
Obviously, because of the weather, Iceland is unsuitable for the agricultural sector.
According to the Constitution, Icelanders have their religious freedom.
The official religion is Lutheranism, professed according to the National Church of Iceland (named Þjóðkirkjan).
The capital of Iceland is Reykjavík. Here you can see the 40% of the country population.
Reykjavík is also the main industrial center and it has a port and an airport.
Furthermore, in this city, the quality of life is quite high thanks to a good economic situation.
The other “cities” are mainly situated along the coast. In addition to Reykjavik, also in the south, you can visit the cities of Hafnarfjörður, Kópavogur, Selfoss and Keflavík, which is home to the international airport.
In the western part of Iceland there is the city of Akranes, while in the north you can visit Akureyri and Húsavík. Finally, in the eastern area there is the important center of Egilsstaðir.
The Icelandic cuisine is very simple and it is mainly based on local production.
However, the restaurants are expensive, so you should buy cheaper food in the supermarket. In addition, the majority of the hotels can offer a fully equipped kitchen available for all.
In alternative, there are always hot tables and kiosks of hot dogs which are considered the best ones of the world.
Also important is the steamed food: for cooking Icelanders use the geothermical heat source.
The “hardfiskur“is one of the most famous “snacks” of Iceland, which consists of strips of Haddock (a Nordic fish similar to cod). Fishing, is a relevant economic resource: the variety and quality of the products are very high.
Among their specialties we have to mention the Skyr, which is similar to cheese and yogurt and the “Astarpungur”, which consists of balls of fried dough (very similar to the well-known donuts).
Did you know? In Iceland is almost impossible to find bottles of water, even in the supermarket! Why? Because water is potable in the whole country so you can drink it simply through your home sinks.
However, in Iceland is important the production of Coke: in fact, this country is considered one of the main producers of the world.
Also beer is really produced: Thule, Viking and Egils are the three most well-known beer industries.
Despite the climate, Iceland has its own importance in the field of tourism, thanks to its enormous glacial and volcanic areas together with its rich and unique cultural heritage.