The city of Edinburgh

Have you ever been in Edinburgh?

It is the capital of Scotland, representing one of the best tourist destinations.
The city lies on a series of hills. The historical parts of the city and its main castle, have been declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 1995.
The hills of this city are very popular and they are 7: their name are  Arthur’s Seat, Castle Rock, Calton Hill, Corstorphine Hill, Braid Hills, Blackford Hill e Craiglockhard Hill.

Edinburgh has an oceanic-temperate climate with temperatures much warmer than other places in the same latitude. Winters are long but not very cold: in fact, the temperatures drop rarely below 0° C.

While, in summer the temperatures are between fresh and warm. They usually reach a maximum of 28 °C. In addition, during this season the weather and the temperatures are very variable because of the wind that often blows in this area of Scotland.

Rainfalls are distributed throughout the year and they are never plentiful: accordingly, Edinburgh is one of the driest cities of Britain.


Edinburgh Castle:
It is one of the most well-known attractions of the city.
It stands on an ancient rock of volcanic origin originally called Din Eidyn (the Edyn fortress), who assumed the name of Edinburgh after the invasion of the Angles in 638 A.D.
Today it is visited by over a million tourists a year.
From this building you can admire an amazing view of the city.

What can you see inside the Castle?
In addition to its magnificent medieval structure, inside the Castle you can visit the Hall of Honor, the Royal Jewels, the Royal Palace, the prisons, the National War Museum and the Scottish National War Memorial.
Furthermore you can see the famous ”one o’clock gun”, which is  the cannon shot that every day, except Sunday, has been shot at 13:00 to signal the time to ships that dock at the port. Did you know? This tradition dates back to 1846.

Then, in the royal apartment you can see the Crown Jewels such as the crown and scepter. In the same room you can also see the Stone of Scone, a place in which the Royal Scottish were crowned.

The banking sector plays an important role in the city of Edinburgh.
In fact, Edinburgh has become the sixth financial center of Europe thanks to the presence of numerous financial institutions such as the Royal Bank of Scotland, which is the fifth bank in the world or the Standard Life, which is a large cooperative that operates in financial.

Means of Transport:
The main train station is Edinburgh Waverley with houses more than 14 million passengers a year.
However, most city buses are operated by Lothian Buses, which also operates the night service, bus tours and night shuttles to the airport.

The Scottish government has its headquarters in St. Andrew’s House placed on Calton Hill and Victoria Quay in Leith. The official residence of the Scottish First Minister is the Bute House in Charlotte Square.
Furthermore, Edinburgh is one of 32 council areas of Scotland and its local authority is represented by the Edinburgh City Council which consists of 58 members elected by the citizens.
The council is headed by the Lord Provost. The elections for the city council are held every four years.

Old Town and New Town:
It is important to underline that the city of Edinburgh is divided into two areas: the Old Town and the New Town.
The Old Town houses many medieval structures and buildings that date back to the Protestant Reformation. They are situated near the main street called Royal Mile.
However, the “Royal Mile” is actually a set of four ways named Castlehill, Lawnmarket, High-Street and Canongate.
In addition, in this area you can visit some important and historical buildings such as the Museum of Scotland, the University of Edinburgh and the Scottish National Library, which is a library that houses about five million books. This is a very important cultural heritage for the city!

While, the New Town The New Town is situated near the famous road “Princes Street” and it was built toward the end of the 18th century.
Among the most popular buildings and attractions of this area we have to mention the National Gallery of Scotland, the Royal Scottish Academy and St. Mary’s Cathedral.

Edinburgh Festivals:
One of the best features of this city is the presence of festivals.
For instance, the “August Festival” attracts every year thousands of visitors who come to participate in music events, international entertainment and international culture, which make colorful the streets of the city for the entire month. However, the Edinburgh festival cultural program of this year includes 11 well-distributed from April to December.
They are named:

1. Edinburgh International Science Festival 1 – April 16, 2017
2. Imagine Children’s Festival: May 27 to June 4 2017
3. Edinburgh Film Festival: 21 June to 2 July 2017
4. Edinburgh Jazz and Blues Festival: July 14 to 23 2017
5. Edinburgh Art Festival: July 27 to August 27 2017
6. Royal Military Tattoo: 4 – August 26, 2017
7. Edinburgh International Festival: 4 – August 28, 2017
8. Edinburgh Fringe Festival: 4 – August 28, 2017
9. Edinburgh Book Festival: 12 to 28 August 2017
10. Edinburgh International Storytelling Festival: 20 – October 31, 2017
11. Edinburgh Hogmanay: December 30, 2017 – January 1, 2018


People and Drinks:
The city of Edinburgh is full of entertainment, especially during the weekend.
People are very friendly and they like to spend time with others in restaurants, bars and pubs.
Drinking is a traditional “activity” and there is a large amount of types of beers.
Another important drink of Scotland is the Whisky: about this feature, there are also some festivals dedicated to it during the year.

What about food?
In Edinburgh you can taste various dishes, which are typical of the city but also of the entire Scotland.
Among the most important dishes there are:

Black pudding
Scotch pies
Aberdeenshire butteries
Fish and chips
Scotch broth
Lorne sausage
Dundee cake
Peppermint creams
Scottish wild salmon
Scottish Farmed Salmon
Scotch Lamb
Shetland Lamb

and so on…

So, in conclusion we can say that the city of Edinburgh offers various reasons to be visited. Its traditional cuisine, its cultural places and natural landscape will give you an unforgettable experience.

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