The United States flag (often known as the American flag) consists of 13 horizontal red and white stripes (the colors are alternate). In the upper side, near the rod, there is a blue rectangle with 50 small white five-pointed stars, which lays in nine rows of six or five stars alternating. The stars represent the 50 states of the United States of America and the 13 stripes represent the original thirteen colonies.
The flag is also named “Stars and Stripes” or the “Old Glory“. This term, however, technically refers to the version with 48 stars used from 1912 to 1959. Because of social and political reasons, this flag underwent many changes since the 13 British colonies of North America adopted it for the first time (in 1977, during the American Revolutionary War).
For the citizens of the United States, the flag contains a rich symbolism: it represents the rights guaranteed by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. It is also a cultural icon and a symbol of individual freedom.
Did you know? The United States flag is the only one to be present on a celestial body different from the Earth: the Moon. These flags have been planted in the ground by the astronauts of the Apollo 11 mission.